From Silk Road to Digital Road ! (Part-I)
From Silk Road to Digital Road ! (Part-I)
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  • 승인 2006.07.01 12:01
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Essay President Roh's Visit Paves the Way for the Digital Silk Road The following is the first article in the from 'Silk road' to 'Digital road' series, contributed by Cho Yong-joon, executive director, division of public relations & project of the Korea Agency for Digital Opportunities and Promotion (KADO).-- Ed. Is history reasonable and common sense When seeing Japan's highly-developed invasion tactics regarding Dokdo Island today, we can't help but raise such a question. History never flows against a background of common sense. It is not too much to say that history is forged and described by the logic of the forceful. This was true in Mongolia's case also. Batu (c.1207-1255) was the second son of Juchi (c.1177-1227), the first son of Genghis Khan, so Batu was a grandson of Genghis Khan. Genghis Khan's wife Borte Ujin bore Batu, as she was ravaged by the neighborhood tribe patriarch in days when Genghis Khan might have been still feeble. Thus, Batu also maintained a distance with his home country Mongolia, not holding legitimacy like his father. For this reason, Batu poured out his strength in the conquest of Eastern Europe after taking over the steppes region of Russia, Juchi's territory. Though there is not such an assumption in history, I would like to assume: "If Batu would have continued to conquer Western Europe". In 1220, Genghis Khan who turned Samarkand, the capital of the Muslim Iranian Khwarezmid Empire into ruins within just three days after it was said that nobody could conquer it within one year. This allowed Jebe (-1225) and Subutai, the most able generals of the Mongolian empire, to subjugate the West, giving them 20,000 military powers. It was an external reason to pursue the fleeing Khwarezmid Sultan Muhammad Al-Adin, but his intention was to reconnoiter Europe and to conquer it. So, the first Europe military expedition of Mongolia was initiated by 20,000 military powers led by Jebe and Subutai. They defeated Hungarian troops too after reducing Azerbaijan, west of the Caspian Sea, to ashes. This was continued with Batu's military expedition after the death of Genghis Khan. Controversial Eastern Europe-centered world history education Batu's Europe military expedition had overrun Germany and Russia as well, demolishing everything up to the Holy Roman Empire and the allies of Poland, in addition to Hungary. Since then, Russia could not free itself from the influence of Mongolia for over two centuries and feudal lords of each dukedom of Russia had to curry favor with the Khans. If in this vortex, Ogodei Khan (the second Khan) hadn't died, Batu's march into the West would have been continued and as even East Europe was entangled in a war with the Mongol Empire, a completely different world history from today would have been written. Not only Hungary, Poland, and Germany, but also up to France and England beyond the sea may have been crumbled by horse hooves of Mongol horsemen. However, with the withdrawal of army troops after Ogedei Khan death, Mongol army troops' Europe military expedition had been discontinued. This Mongolian history has been overlooked by world history and is being blinked away today too. What accounts for the core of world history still, is an outlook on the world which places China and Eastern Europe in its center. The topsy-turvy values of China and Western Countries explain the Mongo Empire as savagery and plunder, is being taught as it is. To understand the Mongol Empire and the Silk Road they built, is to allow our eyes to open to new history like this. At the same time, this convinces us of the concern on how many controversial points Eastern Europe-oriented world history education holds. Because history is spontaneous generation, much of it is forged intentionally. In particular, it is significant that world history since the rise of the imperialism had been controlled by the interests of the Great Powers of Western Europe. Silk Road: a hard-fought field to decide the rise & fall President Roh Moo-hyun returned to Korea after wrapping up his official visits to Mongolia, Azerbaijan, and UAE on May 7~15, 2006. When seeing from the globe ball, if we go over the Tien Shan mountains and Samarkand through the Gobi Desert and Taklamakan Desert toward the west of Mongolia, the Caspian Sea appears and Azerbaijan stands on its west coast. And we go down southward again from there (three hours distance by airplane), the UAE on the Arabian Gulf appears, showing a typical Silk Road. As stated earlier, Azerbaijan belonging to CIS had been an intermediate stronghold to link Central Asia and Western Europe as a colony of the Mongol Empire in the past. Accordingly, President Roh Moo-hyun's official visits to Mongolia, Azerbaijan, and UAE were a journey across the ancient Silk Road. The Silk Road was not merely the moving line of civilization's commerce. The East and the West's civilization met each other, were mixed and flowed through the exchanges on the Silk Road, but in the case of the Silk Road, the character of a battleground as well as a hard fought field which decides the rise and fall of one tribe, one race, and one country is stronger. Since according to who takes the leadership of the Silk Road, national fortunes were able to vary, Hantsu, Xiung nu(Huns), Turks and Chinese fought fiercely hand-to-hand in order to assume the hegemony of the Silk Road. The fate of Western Europe also was decided according to who would win this battle,

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