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Information Display R&D Center Next-generation information display frontier technology development promoted by Information Display R&D Center In the 21st century, also known as the knowledge industry century, the government should focus its policy on actively fostering technology and industry, according to Dr. Park Hee-dong, Director of the Information Display R&D Center: "It goes without saying that the semiconductor industry, which is regarded as one of Korea's key industries, is very important. The display field is also very important. However, Korea brings in most technologies and equipment related to semiconductors from foreign countries. Accordingly, it is very urgent for the nation to develop original materials and technology," said Park. "At present, only seven companies, 22 schools and five research centers have manpower for development of our frontier business. The price of the 40-inch LCD TV has dropped by about half from the time when it was introduced to the market for the first time. The price is expected to go down to the 2 million level at the end of this year, and further to 1.5 million won next year," he said. In an era of the so-called "Three LCD States"- Taiwan, Japan and Korea-the government of each country has a great desire for investment and development of manpower in the LCD field. However, relevant companies are pursuing short-term profits, so it is difficult to map out a development plan from a macroscopic viewpoint. "After the LCD field takes a superior position in competitiveness as part of the government-led businesses, however, Korea's LCD could have more powerful competitiveness than any other competitor," he said. Korean scientists should develop new materials and technologies endlessly. Although it takes much time to develop new materials and technologies, we should concentrate our all energy on developing basic technologies. Without such strenuous efforts, Korea's science cannot develop further, said Park. "In line with this, the next-generation information display technology development center is focusing its projects on technology transfer in the future. I think the results of these projects will be visualized in a positive direction," he said. Noting that Korea suffers from shortages of manpower, especially talented people, Park said, "It is good for the government to map out policies for technology development and growth engine businesses. However, the government should revamp the effective operation system network to carry out such projects successfully." Park said, "The portion of display to the nation's total R&D expenses is still small. Until now, Korean companies have been doing very well in an earnest manner. Accordingly, the government should spare no efforts to extend active support to the fields where Korean companies need help." The information display technology development center has been exerting all-out efforts for development of advanced basic technologies in the next-generation display technology field with new conception. The next-generation information display frontier technology development project was launched in 2002 for creation of new industry in an era of post-growth engine. The second-phased technology development project of display frontier largely consists of three fields. First is the All Organic Display (AOD) field that studies core technology for implementation of flexible display. Second is the Advanced System Display (ASD) field that constitutes panel and drive circuit part in a single unit. Third is the High Definition Television (HDTV) field that needs persistent investment, even though it has been already commercialized like Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) and Plasma Display Panel (PDP). The next-generation information display frontier technology development project is a large-scale staterun project, which will pour a total of 175 billion won (100 billion won from the government and 75 billion won from the private sector) during the 10-year period from June 2002 to March 2012. Through the propulsion of the first-phased project (2002-2004), 708 academic presentations, 233 papers and 480 applications for patents were made, showing great results in the development of basic technologies in the display field. In particular, advanced display technologies whose commercialization is expected in the near future, such as the 15-inch organic-LCD panel of Samsung Electronics and driver embedded Organic Light Emitting Diodes (OLED) panel of Samsung SDI, were developed. By propelling the second-phased project (2005- 2007), we are expecting to secure state-of-the-art technologies of Flexible Display and single unit system display, he said. In 2012 when the third-phased project will be completed, Korea is likely to occupy over 45 percent of the world's display market estimated to reach more than $120 billion, boasting of its position as the world's No. 1 producer. By securing and developing the core technologies of the next-generation display technology, Korea will grow up to the world's No. 1 display country actually, Park forecast. The next-generation information display frontier technology development project, promoted by director Park Hee-dong, will mobilize a total of 220 billion won (100 billion won from the government and 120 billion won from the private sector) during the period from 2002 to 2012. The project is designed to create new markets and new jobs by making the best use of display carrying new functions. It also aims at preoccupying the world's large screen flat display market, he said. Meanwhile, the strategy to propel the secondphased display frontier project is to develop competitive basic technologies by effectively coping with rapid change in technology environment. Under the second-phased project, the portion of AOD and ASD to total business expenses will increase from 49 percent to 82 percent. It is also designed to strengthen the industrial base through fostering of core R&D manpower and bolster the partnership among academia, industries, research centers and the government, as well as link road map of industrial technology.