Is Our Biological Data Archiving System Working?
Is Our Biological Data Archiving System Working?
  • Kim Kyung-nam
  • 승인 2009.12.30 15:24
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New products have Janus characteristics. They come into the world with many merits, but at the same time troubles are unavoidable. Certainly there should be no one who didn't experience any trouble with computers, the leading product of IT age.


Kim Kyung-nam, CEO of Microdigital Co. Ltd.

Now many people use computers for internet surfing or entertainment purposes, the original intention of the computer invention was to facilitate the data processing and calculating. Regarding to data management using computers a lot of unforgettable memories are blinking. Like any other students with prides of carrying and manipulating laptop computers, I used to store all of crucial works in the small laptop. A few times, just before the extremely important events such as PhD dissertation presentation, I used to don't know what to do with the destroyed data of works for the last few years. Therefore, for data base, it is not possible to overemphasize the importance of the systematic management.


The biological data management in the fields of biotech including medical and pharmaceutical industries is never less important than the computer data management. Simply the biological data in the biotech includes samples from human beings and animals such as blood, human serum, urine and animal blood.


Why is biological sample management important


Biological research and advancement are not made possible without the biological data or samples. A great number of biological works such as cancer diagnostics and cure drugs were achieved by investigating, analyzing, and statistically treating biological samples like human sera. As statistics or polls need lots of samples to get credit or reliability, the more useful biological samples produce better results.


In the lack of systematic biological sample management system, researchers or lab technicians collect target samples for the specific or short period of time. However shortage of samples and poverty of diversity results in poor works. Only systematic biological sample archiving system can guarantee the quantity, quality and diversity of samples.


What do we do with the biological sample archiving system


The most widely applied fields of biological sample archiving system are disease prevention and diagnostics by coupling the relationship of the specific disease with the proteins inside the samples. For example, the number of certain proteins inside of human sera can be increased or decreased before or after the outbreak of rheumatism.


Probably for ordinary people it is very rare to be heard of biological sample management system or archiving system. However Korean standard biological sample archiving system is already introduced to many University hospitals and public health agencies such as Korean National Disease Control Center. If you have visited University hospitals for disease diagnostics, they might have your crucial blood samples in their freezers upon your consent.


We are already participating in the biological sample archiving system.


When do people start to bank biological samples


It is widely acknowledged that the very first biological sample archiving system, named JANUS project was initiated in Norway during the 1970s. Here the JANUS or double faces stands for before and after the breakout of a disease. It is believed that the Norwegian doctors and biologists produced many distinguished results in the discovery of early cancer detection thanks to JANUS project. The fact that the northern European countries including Norway are famous in preventive medicine directly emphasizes the importance of biological sample archiving system.


What do we need to consider in adopting or operating biological sample archiving system


Hardware and software of the system needs to be carefully reviewed. The biological sample reliability is second to none in the hardware selection. Once an individual collects the biological samples and puts them in the freezer or liquid nitrogen tanks, the samples should be kept semi permanently without loss of initial qualities. In other words, once the samples are taken from the archiving and after a long period time, the freshness or initial protein structures should be sustained.


Another important factor in considering hardware is the effectiveness. Here the effectiveness means the efficiency of the space utilization and economical savings. If the system costs too much and / or takes huge space no one will adopt the system regardless of the technical advantages of the archiving system.


Bio-informative is the key factor to be considered in software selection. The software of the biological sample archiving system should contain biological data including age, sex, geographical location, job description and clinical data such as diseases. The software of the biological sample archiving system looks very complicated; however it is actually very simple. Video rental management program at Blockbuster or a video shop is almost identical to the software for the biological sample archiving excluding complexity and system reliability.


Reliability, effectiveness and bio-informative are the key words of the biological sample archiving system.


Management of the database is not that difficult or costly. Anyone can easily operate the management system. To the contrary, biological data management system or biological sample archiving system is very hard to establish and expensive. However, once an individual compiles the right archiving system and operates it with the proper protocols. Users will have an excellent biological database for biotechnical, medical and pharmaceutical industries. It might be basic, but it is a strong tool for the next generation.


Who knows In the near future your precious biological samples can be transformed into your own vaccine for diabetes, thanks to the biological sample archiving system.



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