Peter Beck, researcher of The Walter H. Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center of Stanford University, once stated that, "For North Korea's income level to reach 80 percent of South Korea's, it will cost from US$2 trillion to US$5 trillion of unification costs for the next 30 years." If South Korans were to pay for the costs, each person would have to pay at least US$40 thousand. In order to prepare for the unification costs, it is important for North and South Korea to enter the market together. If South Korea's science technology and North Korea's excellent human resources are combined, both sides will receive recognition and also acquire foreign currency.
However, because both sides have been separated from 60 years, the broadcasting communications sector has developed differently over time. For example, the organization of Korean characters on the computer keyboard is different for both sides. This factor is surely to become a problem after the unification of North and South Korea. Therefore, we must refer to the broadcasting communications standards that were in progress 20 years before the unification of Germany, in order to find a point of agreement. Recently, with the construction of the Kaesong Industrial Complex, North Korea and South Korea have started to reach an agreement on production standards. In order to persevere in an international environment that requires openness and infinite competition, North and South Korea must come up with an internationalized, national standard. Currently, even though there is a lot of cooperation between the two nations, any standards aren't being set yet.
Standards are set by KS and KICS in South Korea, and KPS in North Korea. These standards were influenced by America, Japan, and Russia. South Korea's standards have been set based on the international ISO standards. According to latest news, North Korea also made changes to its KPS standards after 2002 to be more suitable for international standards. However, because the two nations have not communicated much with each other, there is difficulty in setting mutual standards. The Telecommunications Technology Association (TTA) must prepare to act as the professional organization for setting standards for broadcasting communications technology, to be adopted by both nations. It is true that there is difficulty in finding out the standards of North Korea but this must change. Experts of both nations must take a stand and create the "The North and South Korean Broadcasting Communications Standards Coalition."
The creation of these kinds of collaborative organizations will make cooperation between both sides amicable. In addition, because these types of collaborations will be carried out with great competition, troubles can be prevented in advance. The groups and organizations in South Korea that deal with North Korea can offer new models to the North and South Korean cooperation business. There is a mutual benefit to this since North Korea will achieve efficiency by finding a window for cooperation and also be able to express their wants, where they want it.
The establishment of the "The North and South Korean Broadcasting Communications Standards Coalition," does not necessarily signify a window for cooperation. Due to rising concern for North Korea's nuclear missile problem, the NLL problem, and the repatriation of military prisoners, chances for a collaboration to set standards seem very slim. However, the collaboration must take place since the formation of standards effects science technology and business.
First, experts on broadcasting communications standards of both sides must meet. There must not only be academic discussions but also working-level discussions so that there can be an identification of the current status of both sides so cooperation may become possible. There must also be an exchange of information about standards of both sides. If there is no exchange of basic information between the two sides, there can be no progress. There should also be more opportunities both online and offline for exchange between the two sides. As a result, our nation will achieve a competitive edge and also be able to earn unification costs through the production of outstanding products in the world market. In addition, broadcasting communications standards will also act as the infrastructure for the Korean industry after unification.
Namseoul University Computer Science, Professor Choi Seong (firstname.lastname@example.org)