Tracing 50 Years of Korea’s Electronics Industry Development
Advancement and Supplement Points of IT-Strength KoreaThe tenth installment in a twelve-part series - Ed.
According to a count in late February, Korea has 48.57 million mobile phone subscribers. All Koreans possess a mobile phone and they have access to information that is only clicks away. This makes Korea an IT powerhouse and a digitally advanced country. This is a great change considering that in the 1970s, Korea was, communication-wise, an undeveloped country where a telephone was sold at 3 million won, equivalent, at the time, to a 100 square meter apartment in Apgujeong-dong. In 1980, with the success of the first Korean made all-electronic TDX exchanger, the backlog of telephones was instantly solved and by 1987, 10 million households, by 1992, 20 million households, owned a telephone.
In 1996, with the world's first successful launch of the CDMA, Korea entered an era of 1 mobile phone per person and implementation of the first 1 high speeds Internet per household. The reason Korea became an IT powerhouse after the 1990s was because of a mix between the government's long term and daring vision, a strong government momentum and high consumer competency to utilize information services. As can be seen from cloud computing and the smartphone revolution, the IT paradigm has now started to shift.
Number One Priorities
In 1994, the Korean government announced plans to build an information highway for the transferring of sound, data, and images, in preparation for the 21st century. The government would invest 4.5 trillion won until 2015 to become the next information technology super power. By 2010, the government would first aim on unifying organizations and public agencies through optical cables and then unify industries and households through optical cables by 2015. In addition, with the spread of mobile smartphones, Korea has entered a 2 internet per person multi-environment: an era of communication anything, anywhere, anytime. With the spread of OS to household machines, buildings, and facilities, this multi-environment will move towards an inclusive intelligence communication era. In order to become a further IT powerhouse, it is important for the government to start a national business strategy for an inclusive intelligence communication base.
Inclusive Intelligence Communication Base Summary
When comparing the inclusive intelligence communication base to a human body, the server and data center would be the brain, the internet would be the nerves, the sensors the five senses and the actuator the arms and legs. The purpose of the inclusive intelligence communication base can be divided into negatives minimization, which concentrates on trying to solve the problems of natural disasters, provide a safe environment, solve environmental problems and pontial maximization, which concentrates on maximizing the quality of life, the utilization of human wisdom and to create an environment that maximizes human potential overall. The inclusive intelligence communication base puts forth four visions (4S) as the basic conditions of becoming a developed nation.
Role of Intelligent IT Today
The global standards of the IT industry were set by the European Union and the United States of America. However, with the recent involvement of Korea, China, and Japan, there is now a growing importance of setting global standards in Asia. Until now, the standard was basic but in the future, the defacto standards or those created through forums will be incorporated into the city itself as AMI (Ambient Intelligence) which is an intelligence interface supported by computers and networking technology to serve people. In the future, furniture, clothes, cars, roads and even the paint on buildings will have a micro computer. With the construction of a next generation network, intelligent IT will be used in education, medical services, traffic, firefighting, etc in the 21st century.
Green Growth and IT
The government's green growth policy is a new method of creatively dealing with arising problems in Korea. Korea has one of the highest rates of carbon emission out of the OECD nations. Of the total amount of energy, 4-5% is being used by the IT industry. If the IT industry doesn't come up with an energy saving strategy, there is an outlook that the IT industry will eventually use up 20% of the total amount of energy by 2020. In order to achieve a low-carbon emission green growth, Korea must come up with a method that maximizes strategic communication use through a resonant IT strategy.
Intelligent IT Infrastructure of Developed Nations
On March 16th 2010, The U.S. Government declared at parliament that by 2020 it would provide 100Mbps to 100 million households at an affordable cost. This plan was called, "Connecting America: the National Broadband Plan." Japan announced that by 2020, 40 million households would be provided with acces to a fiber optic network. However, in order to maximize the potentials of the ICT, Japan has changed the date to 2015.
Korea: IT Powerhouse
Korea is noted for legendary success in various sectors of global ICT competition. Accomplishments of KCC alone have proven the efficiency of our government system by fixing the five year worth of problem in two years. Only in five decades, Korea is now world renowned as an IT champion and shows a strong sign to retain the title. Let the IT powerhouse to shine the world of digitalization.
Full Series Schedule
For those interested in past or future issues of this series, here isthe full schedule of the series:
July 2009: an overview
August 2009: The electronics industry is born
September 2009: Electronics industry gains momentum
October 2009: Color TV production opens a new vista
November 2009: Radios, cassettesand electronic watches change lifestyle
December 2009: The personal computer arrives
January 2010: TDX1 introduced into the local network
February 2010: TFT LCD allows determination of film thickness
March 2010: CDMA comes into commercial use
April 2010: U-technologies (part 1)
June 2010: U-technologies (part 2)
July/August 2010 : WiMAX opens
September 2010 : Era of IPTV