China.org.cn: A taste of Chinese food culture - The story of Xiaozhan Rice
China.org.cn: A taste of Chinese food culture - The story of Xiaozhan Rice
  • Roberta Chan
  • 승인 2019.02.15 06:44
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BEIJING, Feb. 14, 2019 -- A news report by China.org.cn on the story of Xiaozhan Rice:

Rice is a staple food at the Chinese dining table. Many people associate plump-eared rice with happy lives. A popular quote by ancient Chinese poet Xin Qiji goes - "The air is thick with the fragrance of rice, promising a bumper year."

 

Rice is planted all over the north and south in China, and has many varieties. Xiaozhan Rice, a variety from Tianjin, has grown into a national favorite over the past few hundred years. Local people love Xiaozhan Rice very much. They describe that the "fragrance from one house's cooking (Xiaozhan Rice) spreads over the entire neighborhood."

The name of Xiaozhan Rice originated from Xiaozhan Town in Tianjin. Small as it is, the town has been a place of strategic importance since ancient times because of its location – it faces the Bohai Sea and guards the national capital and its surroundings. The heavy military presence in the town and the history-changing "Xiaozhan Troops Training" made the place very famous and it was included on world maps drawn by European and American cartographers in the 19th century. The original Xiaozhan Rice was planted by soldiers as early as in China's Liao and Song dynasties. The rice became a special offering to the imperial families in the Qing Dynasty. In the 1950s, it was sold to Japan, Eastern Europe, Southeast Asia and Cuba as a high-quality agricultural product.

Today, Xiaozhan Rice has been integrated with new technologies. Dozens of high-quality and high-yielding varieties have been bred, all marked by distinctive features including resilience to diseases and pests, drought and salinization. In addition to this, modern rice production also utilizes machines and automated devices. Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are now widely used for ecological protection. As a result, production efficiency has been greatly improved.

With the country's rapid economic development, Chinese people are increasingly pursuing higher-quality lives. They need not only a full bowl of rice, but a full bowl of tasty, nutritious rice. To fulfil these needs, entirely new breeds of rice have been created. "Jinchuan No. 1," "Tianlong 619" and "Jindao 919" - are all new varieties which have been judged by experts to be of equal quality with Japan's "Koshihikari" in terms of color, fragrance and taste. This shows that China has become a global leader in rice-breeding.

With great wisdom, farmers have successfully used their shallow-water rice fields to let fish, ducks, crabs and rice coexist, building a virtuous cycle. And that reflects the philosophy of "harmonious coexistence" in traditional Chinese culture.

For China, agriculture is the foundation of the country. The breeding of Xiaozhan Rice uses a combination of traditional agricultural techniques and new technologies. It has, in a new way, brought about greater prosperity and better living conditions in rural areas and increased wealth of farmers.

China Mosaic
http://www.china.org.cn/video/node_7230027.htm

A taste of Chinese food culture - The story of Xiaozhan Rice
http://www.china.org.cn/video/2019-02/14/content_74463936.htm

About China.org.cn

Founded in 2000, China Internet Information Center (China.org.cn/China.com.cn) is a key state news website under the auspices of the State Council Information Office, and is managed by China International Publishing Group. We provide round-the-clock news service in ten languages. With users from more than 200 countries and regions, we have become China's leading multi-lingual news outlet introducing the country to the outside world.

We are one of the country's authoritative outlets for government press releases and are authorized to cover various major events. "Live Webcast" is our online webcasting service to present State Council Information Office press conferences in both Chinese and English languages. We are reputed for timely and accurate delivery of news and information, and wide interactions with audiences. In addition, we are authorized to publish and live broadcast major events and press conferences of ministries, local government agencies and institutions as well as enterprises.

In the era of mobile internet, we endeavor to create an array of products for mobile devices headed by the multilingual WAP platform and the mobile APP. We also use Chinese and international social media to publish information for different user groups.

In the future, CIIC will continue to offer authoritative information about China, tell China's stories, voice China's opinions, and introduce a vivid, panoramic and multicultural China to the world through multi-language, multi-media and multi-platforms.


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